Most Common Online Cyber Security Threats Everyone Should Know
1 – Phishing:
Phishing is a common type of
fooling, tricking, and counterfeit activity in which fake websites, fake
emails, and text messages are sent by intimating a legal source such as a bank.
Such emails are often sent to get the user’s password and credit card details.
It is generally carried out in a well-organized and official way to urge users
to take actions.
In this form of activity, the
user is often asked to update or approve their accounts in order to acquire
their personal information. Facebook has become a common vehicle for phishing.
The infected accounts sent malware links to other people via messenger.
2 – Ransomware:
Ransomware is a form
of malware, which after restricting access to files and computers compels
users to make payment in order to remove the restrictions. The phishing emails
and website emails are the frequent types of injections.
Ransomware is basically of two
types i.e. encryption ransomware and lock screen ransomware. The
encryption ransomware stops the user from accessing a file on computer hard
drive by encrypting them whereas lock screen ransomware stops from accessing
the computer by image methods.
To gain computer access,
ransomware will show a notice or warning on the computer that it has been
locked and requests for payment to unlock it.
3 – Crypto jacking:
This is the recently emerged
online cybersecurity threat. Crypto jacking is a condition in which the malware
rob some of the processing power to extract or mine cryptocurrency. This
exploit. However, in some cases, it has also happened by using public Free
Wi-Fi and phishing attacks.
4 – Spear Phishing:
Spear phishing is a fraudulent
email-fooling act, which targets individual, specific organization, trying
to seek illegal access to complex and delicate information or data. The emails
normally deceive friends or colleagues. It has been written by a bot to get
through someone’s protector.
5 – Man in the Middle Attacks:
When you assume that you are sending
data to one site but, it is being hijacked and forwarded to other sites too so,
this condition is known as the man in the middle attacks. It usually occurs
because of inactive malware which is present on the system for quite some time.
It looks like you are entering your data on a right and suitable network but,
it is not like that.
6 – Mobile Malware:
Mobile malware is malevolent
software, which typically targets phones and wireless devices. There are
various types of mobile malware but among all trojans are the most common and
prevalent form of malware which easily gets onto a phone. It is now a myth that
users shouldn’t worry about viruses on their phones. The mobile malware
collapses the system and results in the loss of personal and private
7 – Malicious or Fraudulent Ads:
The poorly coded ads may not be
real malware however they may act in a way that they take over user’s CPU and
cause the system to run poorly. Malvertising is an emerging online threat
and many reliable websites have fallen victim to advertising network which has
presented malware to the visitors. Although some of the ads are programmed to
target only people with the help of certain devices or even in specific
geographic areas, therefore, in such cases the website owner may not know who
8 – IoT Problems:
The IoT assures to increase ease
and opportunities for everyone but unfortunately, when we consider our home as
a computer so, everything becomes extremely difficult and hacked producing some
serious cybersecurity risks.